Added: Ralpheal Inoue - Date: 20.11.2021 08:50 - Views: 39362 - Clicks: 5656
A dry mouth is a symptom of an underlying problem, rather than a condition in itself. Treatment includes products that help to moisten the mouth. The feeling of a dry mouth is also called xerostomia. The salivary glands are located around the mouth and throat. These glands make saliva which is pumped into the mouth along tiny channels called salivary ducts.
The salivary glands include:. A steady flow of saliva keeps the mouth moist at all times. Chewing and swallowing food increases the flow of saliva. Simply looking at and thinking about appetising food can also cause an increased saliva flow. A dry mouth ificantly increases the risk of tooth decay and other oral diseases. Having enough saliva keeps your mouth healthy as it:. Speak to your doctor if you're experiencing some of these issues so that they can look into what might be causing them.
Poor oral hygiene not brushing and flossing your teeth every day and a sugary diet tend to cause tooth decay on the biting surfaces and in between teeth. People with dry mouth are more likely to get tooth decay, and may also get decay along the gum line tooth root surface.
Unlike enamel the outer tooth layerdentine the inner tooth layer is less resistance to acids and can decay quickly, especially without enough saliva to protect it.
People with dry mouth may also develop decay on the lower front teeth, which are normally well protected by saliva produced from beneath the tongue. While people with dry mouth are more prone to decay, it is still preventable with the right diet and lifestyle. Thorough teeth cleaning with a suitable fluoride toothpaste is extremely important.
Many different conditions, some short term and others long term, can disrupt the production of saliva. These conditions may include:. This has been produced in consultation with and approved by:.
If you don't have enough calcium in your diet, your bones will eventually become weak and brittle. Most cleft palates and cleft lips can be repaired so that appearance and speech develop normally. Cold sores are blisters around the mouth and nose, caused by the herpes simplex virus. Discoloured, chipped or missing teeth can affect self-confidence but cosmetic dentistry techniques can help. Dental anxiety is common, but there are ways to help you manage it. Talk to your dentist about which strategies are right for you. Content on this website is provided for information purposes only.
Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not in any way endorse or support such therapy, service, product or treatment and is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or other registered health professional. The information and materials contained on this website are not intended to constitute a comprehensive guide concerning all aspects of the therapy, product or treatment described on the website.
All users are urged to always seek advice from a registered health care professional for diagnosis and answers to their medical questions and to ascertain whether the particular therapy, service, product or treatment described on the website is suitable in their circumstances.
The State of Victoria and the Department of Health shall not bear any liability for reliance by any user on the materials contained on this website. Mouth and teeth. Home Mouth and teeth. Dry mouth. Actions for this Listen Print.
Summary Read the full fact sheet. On this. Salivary glands Symptoms of dry mouth Dry mouth and tooth decay Causes of dry mouth Diagnosis of dry mouth Treatment of dry mouth Tips for living with dry mouth Where to get help.
Salivary glands The salivary glands are located around the mouth and throat. Submandibular - located beneath the tongue on both sides of the jaw mandible. Sublingual - located in the floor of the mouth. Minor salivary glands - found in various locations around the mouth, including the inner cheeks and throat.
Protective role of saliva A dry mouth ificantly increases the risk of tooth decay and other oral diseases. Dry mouth and tooth decay Poor oral hygiene not brushing and flossing your teeth every day and a sugary diet tend to cause tooth decay on the biting surfaces and in between teeth. Causes of dry mouth Many different conditions, some short term and others long term, can disrupt the production of saliva. These include antihistamines, high blood pressure medications, sedatives, decongestants, analgesics pain reliefantidepressants and illegal drugs such as cocaine.
Infection - a bacterial or viral infection of the salivary glands such as mumps can cause inflammation and restrict saliva production. Sjogren's syndrome - is a common autoimmune disease that mainly affects the eyes and salivary glands, but can also affect the sweat glands.
Salivary duct blockages - for example, tiny stones made from saliva minerals may lodge in the salivary ducts and restrict saliva flow. Certain medical conditions - including AIDSamyloidosiscerebral palsydiabetesParkinson's diseaseprimary biliary cirrhosis and lupus. Nerve problems - the function of the salivary glands is controlled by facial nerves.
Injury, illness or surgical damage to these nerves, for example, may reduce saliva production. Some cancer treatments - such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy if directed at the head or neckmay temporarily reduce the ability of salivary glands to make saliva. Other causes - including mostly breathing through the mouth, for example, in the case of a persistently stuffy nose or blocked sinuses, or hormone changes from pregnancy or menopause.
Dehydration - not drinking enough fluid can cause thick saliva and a dry mouth. Other causes of dehydration include medical conditions such as blood loss, chronic diarrhoea or kidney failure. Your dentist may check the pattern of tooth decay. Saliva tests - for example, a typical saliva test involves rolling out the lower lip and patting it dry. Normally, saliva should re-moisten the lower lip within half a minute or so. Reviewing medical history - to check for conditions or medicines that could be drying out your mouth. Reviewing your symptoms. Saliva substitutes - your doctor or dentist can prescribe an artificial saliva substitute.
Use strictly as directed. Dry mouth products - these products contain ingredients such as lubricants that may help treat your dry mouth. The product range includes toothpaste, mouthwash, gums and topical gels. Speak to your dentist for recommendations. Dental products - these products may contain high fluoride or calcium to help prevent tooth decay.
Antibiotics and anti-fungal drugs - may be used to treat an infection. Surgery - salivary gland blockages, such as stones, are usually treated with minor surgery. Other treatments, if required - any underlying condition, such as Sjogren's syndrome or diabetes, needs appropriate medical treatment. These include cigarettesalcoholcaffeinated drinks and spicy foods. Eat chewy foods to stimulate the flow of saliva.
Chew food thoroughly before swallowing. Include watery foods in your daily diet.
Avoid crunchy foods that could injure the mouth, such as crackers or potato crisps. Avoid sugary foods and drinks. Avoid acidic foods and beverages, such as soft drinks, energy drinks, sports drinks, cordials, citrus fruits and fruit juices.
These drinks are damaging to enamel and may also be high in sugar. Avoid lollies especially fruit-flavoured and sour lollies and alcohol-containing mouthwashes, as these products tend to aggravate dry mouth tissue. Chew sugar-free gum between meals to promote the flow of saliva. Drink plenty of waterbut avoid sipping slowly as this can wash away any saliva. It may help to carry a drink bottle. Ask your dentist for other dietary suggestions, including a complete list of foods and drinks to limit or avoid.
Regularly use fluoride-containing products such as toothpaste. Ask your dentist about which ones are best for dry mouth. Treat dry lips with Vaseline or some other type of greasy balm, such as lanolin. An air humidifier used in your bedroom at night may help. Ask your dentist for more information if you wear dentures - adhesive dental products may be recommended. Take out partial or full dentures while you sleep. Visit your dentist every 6 to 12 months for check-ups, teeth cleaning and treatment if necessary. Continue to take your medication, even if your medicine is to blame.
Your doctor may not be able to change it or change the dose. Do not stop taking your medicine without speaking to your doctor. Saliva managementScope. The profile of saliva - what is saliva and where is it made? Give feedback about this. Was this helpful?
Yes No. View all mouth and teeth. Related information. From other websites Scope — Saliva management. Content disclaimer Content on this website is provided for information purposes only. Reviewed on:Looking for wet mouth
email: [email protected] - phone:(949) 283-4355 x 5775